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Location Kit

& # 39; Confetti of an empire & # 39 ;: a have a look at the abroad territories of France

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Primarily inherited from the colonial period, the 13 territories host 2.6 million folks in whole, representing about 4 p.c of the inhabitants of France.

of 67.2 million.

They’ve completely different standing in relation to mainland France, however their residents have French nationality and may vote for the president. Additionally they ship representatives to the 2 chambers of the parliament of France.

Right here, in a abstract of the territories, sometimes called "the confetti of the French Empire".

A part of France

5 of the previous colonies are formally abroad areas or departments, that are a part of French territory and are topic to French legal guidelines.

Guadalupe and Martinique

Positioned within the jap Caribbean Sea, Guadeloupe hosts 399,000 folks and Martinique 400,000, in keeping with the French authorities web site.

Within the eighteenth century they have been a part of France's profitable sugar colonies, which have been based mostly on African slave labor, whose descendants make up a big a part of the

fashionable inhabitants.

Immediately, the islands of the Antilles are favourite locations for vacationers on the continent.

A cruise ship that enters the port of Pointe-à-Pitre, on the French island of the West Indies of Guadeloupe. Photograph: AFP

French Guiana

Positioned on the northeast coast of South America, Guayana is generally tropical rain forest and has a inhabitants of round 260,000.

Within the nineteenth century it served as a penal colony. Being near the equator, Guiana was chosen for the satellite tv for pc launch web site of the European Area Company which is situated in Kourou.

The French president, Emmanuel Macron, on a go to to Maripasoula in French Guiana. Photograph: AFP


A tropical island within the Indian Ocean, close to Madagascar, the place greater than 850,000 folks reside, lots of them descendants of slaves from Africa and Asia.

Its economic system is predicated primarily on agriculture and tourism.

Photograph: Wikicommons


Not like the opposite islands of the Comoros within the Indian Ocean, Mayotte stays French in a referendum on independence in 1974.

With a inhabitants of 256,500, it’s affluent in comparison with its companions, attracting 1000’s of unlawful immigrants every year.

A view of the ocean from Mayotte. Photograph: AFP

Extra autonomy

Different territories, referred to as abroad collectivities, are extra autonomous and will have their very own legal guidelines, besides in sure areas reserved for the Paris authorities, reminiscent of protection.

French Polynesia

Made up of 118 islands within the Pacific Ocean, French Polynesia is greatest recognized for its a part of Tahiti, a vacationer idyll with black sand seashores. It has a inhabitants of 273,000.

The island of Bora Bora in French Polynesia. Photograph: AFP

Saint Pierre and Miquelon

About 20 kilometers (12 miles) off the Atlantic coast of Canada, the 2 islands are the one remnants of the empire of France's colonial kind in North America that’s nonetheless underneath its management. Its inhabitants is simply 6,000.

The small island of Ile-aux-Marins in Saint-Pierre, in Saint Pierre and Miquelon. Photograph: AFP

Wallis and Futuna

Remoted and with out pure sources, two land plenty not began within the central Pacific with a number of islets kind this Polynesian archipelago.

The house of 12,000 folks is strongly linked to subsidies in Paris.

A person in conventional costume throughout a ceremony on the Futuna Island. Photograph: AFP

San Martín and San Bartolomé

With 36,000 and 9,400 inhabitants respectively in 2013, these two territories are small within the Caribbean Antilles of France.

The bay of San Juan on the French Caribbean island of San Bartolomé. Photograph: AFP

Particular case

Within the southwestern Pacific Ocean, New Caledonia has its personal standing underneath a 1998 settlement with France.

He’ll vote on Sunday on whether or not to be completely unbiased.

Residence to 269,000 folks, the archipelago served as a penal colony within the 19th century. Immediately its economic system is predicated primarily on agriculture and its huge nickel sources.

Uninhabited and distant

The islands that make up the southern and Antarctic lands are visited solely by researchers working at scientific stations.

The uninhabited Clipperton Island, a coral atoll 1,000 kilometers from Mexico within the Pacific, is the middle of an enormous Unique Financial Zone operated by the abroad ministry of France.


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